Dating staffordshire hoard
One of the most intriguing items in the hoard is a small strip of gold (St H 550), measuring 179 mm × 15.8 mm × 2.1 mm (7.047 in × 0.622 in × 0.083 in) when unfolded, inscribed with a biblical quotation, from Numbers , in insular majuscule, on both sides, as , and let thine enemies be scattered; and let them that hate thee flee before thee.”) The reading of the additional words on the second version of the text, [a]diuie nos[.r.], is unclear; they may be practice letters, meaning that the inside face was not supposed to be visible and contains an abandoned attempt of the inscription.The passage is quoted fairly often, notably in the Life of the Mercian Saint Guthlac (d. The passage occurs in the context of Guthlac’s meeting with Æthelbald, the later king of Mercia, in which the saint foretells that the king’s enemy would “flee from your face”.The parallel verse from Psalm 67 (Hebrew numbering 68), verse 2, occurs when Guthlac is driving away demons who appeared to him in a vision.Sharp (2016) has suggested the inscription shows angst in the face of a great threat and this could only have been the Viking invasion.One is that the folding was done prior to burial “to make it fit into a small space”.A second explanation suggests that this is a sign that the burial deposit was made by pagans, who had no particular esteem for the Christian character of the objects.But it emerged the pair, who have not spoken since their rift, are set to earn hundreds of thousands of pounds more after 90 gold and silver items were unearthed close to the original find.Last month, archaeologists used metal detectors to find the items buried just three inches from the surface in the 14 acre site in Hammerwich, Staffs.
This is shining a search light on a period of our history about which little is known. "A lot of them were very small but some were very significant.
The Staffordshire Hoard is the largest hoard of Anglo-Saxon gold and silver metalwork yet found.
It consists of over 3,500 items, amounting to a total of 5.1 kg (11 lb) of gold, 1.4 kg (3 lb) of silver and some 3,500 pieces of garnet cloisonné jewellery., near Lichfield, in Staffordshire, England.
The incised strip appears to be the stem of a cross and this indicates a Viking threat to a church.
Paleographically, the inscription most likely dates to the 8th century, with the late 7th or early 9th not to be ruled out.